Celtic Place-names in Orkney

Hugh Marwick (Author)


Keyword(s):
Celtic Saints, Church
Period(s):
Ad 800

Abstract


In Orkney, as is seen in Shetland, in spite of the lapse of over a thousand years and the total extinction of the Celtic vernacular, a considerable number of the old place-names still survive, corrupted at times, but often preserving their old Celtic form unchanged. It is suggested that for a couple of centuries before the great Viking age prior to AD 800, intercourse had been taking place between Scandinavia and these northern isles, and that Norsemen had gradually secured a footing, and made settlements, both in Orkney and Shetland. It would be difficult to explain the adoption of these loan-words otherwise. The words discussed include those for hill pasture, hill, cliff and church. In addition, a few words seem to commemorate the names of some early Celtic saints.

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Published
30-11-1923
How to Cite
Marwick, H. (1923). Celtic Place-names in Orkney. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 57, 251-265. Retrieved from http://soas.is.ed.ac.uk/index.php/psas/article/view/7580
Section
Articles